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Avoiding The Melachah Of Borer

The Daily Halacha Moment - Avoiding The Melachah Of Borer 🍲


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

How does one avoid the melachah of Borer on Shabbat?


Answer:

One does not transgress the melachah of borer if three conditions are all met: [1]

a. One must separate the ochel (the edible item, or the wanted item, also known as the “good”) from the pesolet (the non-edible, or unwanted item, also referred to as the “bad”).[2]

b. One has intention to separate the item for immediate use.[3]

c. It must be separated by hand and not by using a utensil, since separating the good from the bad by hand is considered as a manner of regular consumption.[4]


A way to remember these rules is by the mnemonic "איל משולש":

א = אוכל, Food

י =יד, By hand

ל = לאלתר, immediately


Excerpted from R' Yonatan Nacson’s ‘Laws of Shabbat’, vol. 1 p. 351


Sources:

[1]. See Mishnah Berurah introduction to siman 319.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 319:4; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 178.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch 319:1.

[4]. Shulchan Aruch 319:1.


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