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Avoiding The Melachah Of Borer

The Daily Halacha Moment - Avoiding The Melachah Of Borer ๐Ÿฒ


ืดื›ืœ ื”ืฉื•ื ื” ื”ืœื›ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื - ืžื•ื‘ื˜ื— ืœื• ืฉื”ื•ื ื‘ืŸ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ืืด (ื ื™ื“ื” ืขื’ ืขืดื, ืžื’ื™ืœื” ื›ื—:)


โ€œAnyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-comeโ€ (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

How does one avoid the melachah of Borer on Shabbat?


Answer:

One does not transgress the melachah of borer if three conditions are all met: [1]

a. One must separate the ochel (the edible item, or the wanted item, also known as the โ€œgoodโ€) from the pesolet (the non-edible, or unwanted item, also referred to as the โ€œbadโ€).[2]

b. One has intention to separate the item for immediate use.[3]

c. It must be separated by hand and not by using a utensil, since separating the good from the bad by hand is considered as a manner of regular consumption.[4]


A way to remember these rules is by the mnemonic "ืื™ืœ ืžืฉื•ืœืฉ":

ื = ืื•ื›ืœ, Food

ื™ =ื™ื“, By hand

ืœ = ืœืืœืชืจ, immediately


Excerpted from R' Yonatan Nacsonโ€™s โ€˜Laws of Shabbatโ€™, vol. 1 p. 351


Sources:

[1]. See Mishnah Berurah introduction to siman 319.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 319:4; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 178.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch 319:1.

[4]. Shulchan Aruch 319:1.


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