Berachah of Kriat Shema On Shabbat

Updated: Dec 30, 2021

The Daily Halacha Moment - Berachah of Kriat Shema On Shabbat 🤦‍♂️


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What does one do if one by mistake recites the wrong text of Birkot Kriat Shema On Shabbat morning?


Answer:

One who accidentally recited the weekday “Yotzer Ohr” instead of continuing from “Hakol Yoduchah,” may only go back to “Hakol Yoduchah” and correct himself if he has not yet recited the berachah of Yotzer Hameorot. However, once one has already recited the berachah of Yotzer Hameorot, he may not go back. [1]

Similarly, on Shabbat the prayer of “E-l Adon” is added to the berachot of Keriat Shema.

Some communities recite the nussach of “Serafim VaOfanim VeChayot HaKodesh” at the end of E-l Adon. However, some communities recite “VeHaofanim vechayot HaKodesh.” [2]

It is also good to note, that according to the Sephardic custom women may not recite the name of Hashem in Birkot "Shema" and "Pesukei Dezimra" since they are considered a "Time Bound Mitzva" (Ashkenaz women who mention the name of Hashem have what to rely upon). [3]


Sources:

[1]. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 4, p. 287. See also in Ben Ish Chai, Toldot, 2:8.

[2]. See Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 201 who explains that in his opinion the first nussach is the proper one, unlike the Ben Ish Chai, Toldot 2:7 and Kaf HaChaim 281:8 who state that the second nussach should be recited.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch 70:1; Yechaveh Da'at vol. 3:3; Yabia Omer vol. 2, 6:9; Halachah Berurah 70:2, 106:2 & 3, see however Or Letzion vol. 2, 6:10 who argues.


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