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Crushing On Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Crushing On Shabbat 🥠

״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

May one crush something that has been previously crushed on Shabbat?


Answer:

Tochen does not apply to an item that has been previously ground. Therefore, an item that has been completely ground and subsequently becomes bound into a united mass may be broken apart and crushed once again.[1] Examples of such items include:


a. Crushing a cookie, matzah, or cake into crumbs.[2]

b. Crushing a tablet of medicine into a powder.[3]

c. Crushing a sugar cube or clumps of loose sugar. [4]

d. Crushing a clump of smelling tobacco.[5]

e. Some state that it is permitted to crush a block a chocolate.[6]


Even when crushing an item that is permitted to be crushed because it was previously crushed, one may not use an instrument that is specifically used for grinding or crushing.[7]


Excerpted from R’ Yonatan Nacson’s ‘Laws of Shabbat’, vol. 1 p. 376-377


Sources:

[1]. Rama 321:8 and 12; Ben Ish Chai, Mishpatim 2:1; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, pp. 251-252.

[2]. Rama 321:8

[3]. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 33:4; Rivevot Ephraim, vol. 5, 260:3; Orchot Shabbat 5:22.

[4]. Rama 321:8; Mishnah Berurah 321:30; Kaf HaChaim 321:50.

[5]. Ben Ish Chai, Mishpatim 2:7; Kaf HaChaim 321:69; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 127.

[6]. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 6:11; Hilchot Shabbat b’Shabbat 12:8. See also Orchot Shabbat 5:21, footnote 40.

[7]. Mishnah Berurah 321:30; Biur Halachah 321:12, “Lefarer”; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, end of p. 251.


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