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Dicing Vegetables On Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Dicing Vegetables On Shabbat 🥒

״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)

“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


May one chop/dice vegetables very finely for a salad on Shabbat?


It is not permitted to chop vegetables very finely in order to use them later in the day,[1] but it is permitted to do so for oneself or others[2] a short time before one eats his meal.[3] Even so, it is praiseworthy to be stringent to chop the vegetables a little larger than normal, even when making them immediately before the meal.[4] As stated, it is permitted to finely chop vegetables, this can be done before the beginning of the meal, even if the course that it will be eaten in will not be served until several hours later. In general, one should not begin to finely chop vegetables on Shabbat before the time that the prayers in the synagogue are over. If there are a lot of people in the home, and one needs more time to chop the vegetable in order to be sufficiently prepared for the meal, one may begin to chop the vegetables even half-an-hour before the meal, but not before this time. If possible, one should try to cut the vegetables as close to the meal as possible.[5]

Excerpted from R’ Yonatan Nacson’s ‘Laws of Shabbat’, vol. 1 p. 374-375


[1]. See Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, pp. 257; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 116; Yabia Omer, vol. 9, 82:12.

[2]. Bet Yosef §321; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 389.

[3]. Ben Ish Chai, Mishpatim 2:2; Kaf HaChayim 321:45 state that it is proper to be stringent to chop the vegetables slightly larger than normal. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 266; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 116; Yechaveh Daat 5:27; Yabia Omer, vol. 9, 108:172 states that it is only praiseworthy to chop the vegetables slightly larger, but, strictly speaking, the halachah follows the leniency of the Rashba, and it is permitted to chop the vegetables even finely provided that one does so immediately before eating. See also Igrot Moshe, O.C. 4:74, Tochen §2.

[4]. The amount that is considered “slightly larger” seems to be dependant on the type of vegetable that one is cutting and what the norm is with that vegetable. See also Chut Shani, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 101; Az Nidberu 11:8; Orchot Shabbat, ch. 5, footnote 10; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 2, 47:25; Teshuvot VeHanhagot, vol. 2, 181:2.

[5]. Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 116; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 266.

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