Forgot To Recite Al HaNissim On Chanukah

The Daily Halacha Moment - Forgot Al HaNissim 🕎


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן

‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What does one do if one forgot to mention Al HaNissim in Shemoneh Esrei or Birkat HaMazon?


Answer:

During all eight days of Chanukah, Al HaNissim is added to Birkat HaMazon and Shemoneh Esrei. [1]


If someone omitted Al HaNissim in Birkat

HaMazon, he does not repeat Birkat HaMazon. If he remembers to recite it before finishing the berachah of Al HaKol but before saying Hashem’s Name in the berachah, he may go back and recite it. [2]


If one omitted Al HaNissim and already said Hashem’s Name at the end of the berachah, he should complete the berachah and continue with Birkat HaMazon. [3]


In Shemoneh Esrei, Al HaNissim is added in the berachah of Modim before the words ve’al kulam.

If one omitted Al HaNissim, he does not repeat Shemoneh Esrei. If one realized his error before completing the berachah, he may go back and recite it. If he completed the berachah, or even only started the berachah and mentioned Hashem’s Name, he does not go back to correct his error. [4] One may also not recite Al HaNissim between the berachot of Modim and Sim Shalom. [5]


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 682:1

[2]. Ibid.

[3]. Ibid. See also the Rama.

[4]. Shulchan Aruch §1. See also Yechaveh Daat 5:49, which states that one should preferably recite Al HaNissim at the end of E-lohai Netzor if one realized his error after reciting the berachah of Modim.

[5]. Yabia Omer, vol. 1, 22:11 & 9:53; Yechaveh Daat 5:49.

(Adapted from the Laws Of The Holidays - Nacson)


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