Killing A Dangerous On Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Dangerous Animals & Shabbat 🦁


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

May one kill a dangerous animal on Shabbat?


Answer:

Any dangerous animal or insect that poses a threat to human life may be killed or trapped on Shabbat. The creature may be killed even if it is not presently pursuing anybody, since its mere presence in the vicinity is considered a threat. [1]


However; animals or insects that do not pose a threat to life, but can still cause significant pain and discomfort when they bite or sting, may not be killed outright if they are not pursuing anyone. In such a case, it may be trapped to keep them from injuring anyone. If trapping is not feasible, then one may kill it a discreet manner. This can be done by walking normally in its direction and passively stepping on it. [2]


Furthermore; hornets that are in the vicinity of an infant or any person who may have a serious allergic reaction to their sting, may be killed outright if necessary. [3]


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 316:10; Mishnah Berurah 316:45; Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 25:1.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 316:10; Meor Yisrael, vol. 1, p. 152; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 5, p. 122. See also Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 25:2 for the Ashkenazic custom.

[3]. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 25:1; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 5, p. 124. See also Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, p. 552.


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