Laundry on Friday (Erev Shabbat)

Updated: Oct 27, 2021

The Daily Halacha Moment - Laundry On Erev Shabbat 🧥


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

May one do laundry on Friday?


Answer:

It is proper to do the laundry on Thursday or any other day preceding Friday in order that one will be able to focus on Friday with the preparations for Shabbat. However, strictly speaking, one may even wash his clothes on Friday since it is done in a washing machine and it is not as time consuming as washing by hand. [1] In any case, even nowadays it is preferable to do the laundry on Thursday and not before Wednesday in order to show that one is doing so in honor of Shabbat.[2]


Even when washing by hand, one may wash his clothing on Friday if he has no other clothing for Shabbat. [3]

Similarly, suits or pants which can be worn repeatedly without becoming dirty are not required to be cleaned on a weekly basis. [4]


Sources:

[1]. The Gemara in Mesechet Shabbat 82a and the Shulchan Aruch 242:1 state that Ezra HaSofer instituted that one should wash his clothing in honor of Shabbat on the Thursday before Shabbat. For more on this subject see in Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 24; Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 51; Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 15; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 2, 16:2 and in Mishneh Halachot 3:31.

[2]. See in Ben Ish Chai, Lech Lecha, 2:8; Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 18.

[3]. Ben Ish Chai, Lech Lecha, 2:8; Kaf HaChaim 242:20; Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 16.

[4]. Ohr LeTzion, vol. 2, 16:2. Even though the Mishnah Berurah 242:5 points out that it is implied in the institution of Ezra that one must wear clean clothing every Shabbat, his intention was only for garments which are soiled, such as undergarments. However, garments which are generally kept clean, such as a suit, do not have to be cleaned weekly.


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