Leaning On A Tree On Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Leaning On A Tree On Shabbat 🍃


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

May one lean on a tree on Shabbat?


Answer:

It is prohibited to lean against a tree on Shabbat in a manner that if the tree was suddenly taken away the person would fall over. [1] However, one may touch the tree or even lean lightly against it in a way that it does not support his whole weight.[2] Even sitting on a tree root that is three tefachim above the ground is considered using a tree on Shabbat and prohibited.[3] Similarly, one may not sit on a tree stump that is still alive and taller than three tefachim on Shabbat. If the tree stump is dead, then it is permitted to sit or stand on the stump. [4]


Sources:

[1]. Mishnah Berurah 336:2.

[2]. Rama 336:13; Mishnah Berurah 336:63. See also Kaf HaChaim 336:90 who states that this is only permitted for a healthy person and a strong tree.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch 336:2.

[4]. See Ohr LeTzion, vol. 2, 47:29 who states that as long as the tree is getting nourishment from the ground, even if there is nothing growing out of it, it is prohibited to sit on the stump. Unlike Aruch HaShulchan 336:18 who pins everything on active growth of the stump and not whether it is dried out or not.


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