Shabbat HaGadol

The Daily Halacha Moment - Shabbat HaGadol ✡️


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What exactly is Shabbat HaGadol?


Answer:

The Shabbat before Pesach is known as Shabbat HaGadol. [1] This Shabbat is called Shabbat HaGadol to commemorate the miracle that took place on the Shabbat before Bnei Yisrael left Mitzrayim, which was the tenth of Nissan. At that time, each Jewish household was commanded to bring a lamb into its home to be used as the korban Pesach. Although the Egyptians worshipped these lambs, Hashem miraculously rendered the Egyptians powerless to stop Bnei Yisrael from sacrificing them. [2]


Despite the requirement to begin learning the halachot of Pesach from thirty days before, it is customary for the rabbi of every community to instruct his community about the halachot of Pesach on Shabbat HaGadol. [3] When erev Pesach is on Shabbat, the rabbi should deliver these instructions on the Shabbat before erev Pesach. [4]


Similarly, on Shabbat HaGadol, it is customary to greet each other by saying Shabbat HaGadol Mevorach. [5]


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 430:1.

[2]. Mishnah Berurah §1; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 29. See also Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 216 which cites twenty-two reasons why Shabbat HaGadol is called Shabbat HaGadol.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 31.

[4]. See Mishnah Berurah §2; Moed LeChol Chai 1:19; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 32.

[5]. Chida, Machazik Berachah 430:2; Moed LeChol Chai 1:19; Kaf HaChaim §2; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 30; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 3, 5:2; Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 231.

See Laws Of The Holidays - Nacson.


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