Shir HaShirim on Erev Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Shir HaShirim 📙


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Is there a custom to recite shir HaShirim on Friday night?

When should it be recited?


Answer:

Many communities have the custom to recite Shir HaShirim on erev Shabbat before Kabbalat Shabbat. However, it can also be recited before Minchah, on condition that one does not miss the proper time of Minchah and Kabbalat Shabbat.

[See Footnote 1 for why we recited Shir HaShirim]


Nonetheless, If one has a choice to either recite Shir HaShirim or listen to a derashah, it is better to listen to the derashah than recite Shir HaShirim. [2]


Sources & Footnotes:

[1]. Kaf HaChaim, Palagi 28:2 states that one should recite Shir HaShirim on Shabbat. See also in Sefer Yesod VeShoresh HaAvodah 8:8; Ben Ish Chai, Lech Lecha 2:23 and Kaf HaChaim, Sofer 260:27. Petach HaDevir 260:8 states that the custom is to recite Shir HaShirim on erev Shabbat. He also explains that the reason for reciting Shir HaShirim specifically on erev Shabbat is because it refers to Yetziat Mitzrayim, Maaseh Bereshit and Olam Habbah, which are all mentioned as well in connection with Shabbat, which is a remembrance for Maaseh Bereshit and Yetziat Mitzaryim (as mentioned in Kiddush), and is also called “me’ein Olam Habbah.” Furthermore, since Shir HaShirim is considered a very holy and lofty sefer, it is specifically said on erev Shabbat which is considered a very holy time of the week, when one is freshly dressed and clean in one’s Shabbat clothing and preparing to accept the kedushah of Shabbat. He also mentions that it is a segulah to recite Shir HaShirim on erev Shabbat in order to be saved from the fires of Gehenom. One who does not have time to recite the whole Shir HaShirim can recite the four pesukim that begin with the letters יעקב .These pesukim are brought in several Siddurim, such as the Avodat HaShem siddur and others. The reason for reciting specifically these pesukim is brought in the footnotes of the new edition of the Petach HaDevir, siman 260, footnote 12.

[2]. Shemesh U’Magen, vol. 4, 15:12. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 2, p. 464 states that the custom of Chacham Ovadia Yosef was to say a derashah instead of Shir HaShirim.


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