The Daily Halacha Moment - Starting time Of Shenayim Mikra V’echad Targum 📙
״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן
העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)
“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)
When may one start reading the Shenayim Mikra V’echad targum for the week?
The Shulchan Aruch 285:3 states that one may begin reading the Torah on Sunday and one may not begin doing so before then. There are some opinions who state that one may even begin as early as after praying Minchah on Shabbat since the parashah of the following week has already begun to be read.  Some people have the custom to specifically recite the whole parashah of shenayim mikra v’echad targum after Shacharit on Friday morning. [See Footnote 2 for some other customs]
Tomorrow we will B'ezrat Hashem discuss how long one has to read the Shenayim Mikra for the week.
. See Pri Megadim Eshel Avraham 5; Gra 285:3; Pri Chadash 285:3; Mishnah Berurah 285:7 - 8.
. Some have the custom to read a portion of the parashah every day and finish on Friday or on Shabbat (see in Mishnah Berurah, 285:8; Aruch HaShulchan 285:1, 10; Orchot Rabbenu, vol. 1, p. 123, halachah 99).
Others only read the parashah on Friday (Magen Avraham 285:5; Mishnah Berurah ibid., Aruch HaShulchan 285:7). Some have the custom to read the parashah on Friday right after Shacharit specifically while wearing their tallit and tefillin (Aruch HaShulchan 285:10, Kaf Hachaim 285:24) However, the Kaf Hachaim, ibid. points out that if Rosh Chodesh is on Friday, one should not put his tefillin back on in order to recite shenayim mikra v’echad targum, rather, it should only be said while one is wearing his tallit. Another custom that is brought is that one should read the shenayim mikra only after one cuts his nails on Friday (see Magen Avraham, 285:1 in the name of the Shelah). See also in Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 1, book 4, p. 459.
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