The Melachah Of Shochet - Slautering

The Daily Halacha Moment - The Melachah of Shochet (Slaughtering) 🗡


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Baruch Hashem we have concluded discussing many Halachot pertaining to the Melachah of Tzad/Trapping. B'ezrat Hashem we will now be discussing the Melachah of Shochet.


Question:

What exactly is the melachah of shochet?


Answer:

One of the 39 Melachot is Shochet (Slaughtering).

In order to skin the animals for the coverings of the Mishkan, the animal first had to be slaughtered. [1]


The melachah of Shochet is not limited to just slaughtering the animal and it includes any method of killing a living creature. [2]

Even causing a mortal injury is considered Shochet, even if the creature does not die until after Shabbat. [3] Similarly, even killing a mortally ill animal is not permitted.

Furthermore, unlike Tzad (as we mentioned in a previous Halacha Moment), there is no distinction between species, and killing any animal or even insect is prohibited [4] (there are some cases which are permitted as will be discussed in future Halacha Moments).


Over the next couple of days we will discuss a lot of common and practical questions regarding this Melachah. Stay tuned :)


Sources:

[1]. See Gemara, Shabbat 73a; Rashi there.

[2]. See Rambam, Shabbat, 11:1.

[3]. Rambam, Shabbat, 11:1. See also Gemara, Shabbat 107b; Taanit 24a; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 5, p. 108.

[4]. See Gemara, Shabbat 107b.


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