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The Melachah Of Shochet - Slautering

The Daily Halacha Moment - The Melachah of Shochet (Slaughtering) 🗡

״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)

“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)

Baruch Hashem we have concluded discussing many Halachot pertaining to the Melachah of Tzad/Trapping. B'ezrat Hashem we will now be discussing the Melachah of Shochet.


What exactly is the melachah of shochet?


One of the 39 Melachot is Shochet (Slaughtering).

In order to skin the animals for the coverings of the Mishkan, the animal first had to be slaughtered. [1]

The melachah of Shochet is not limited to just slaughtering the animal and it includes any method of killing a living creature. [2]

Even causing a mortal injury is considered Shochet, even if the creature does not die until after Shabbat. [3] Similarly, even killing a mortally ill animal is not permitted.

Furthermore, unlike Tzad (as we mentioned in a previous Halacha Moment), there is no distinction between species, and killing any animal or even insect is prohibited [4] (there are some cases which are permitted as will be discussed in future Halacha Moments).

Over the next couple of days we will discuss a lot of common and practical questions regarding this Melachah. Stay tuned :)


[1]. See Gemara, Shabbat 73a; Rashi there.

[2]. See Rambam, Shabbat, 11:1.

[3]. Rambam, Shabbat, 11:1. See also Gemara, Shabbat 107b; Taanit 24a; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 5, p. 108.

[4]. See Gemara, Shabbat 107b.

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