Yeshiva Students Lighting Menorah

The Daily Halacha Moment - Yeshiva Students Lighting 🕎


‎״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן

‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Do Yeshiva students need to light the menorah on their own?


Answer:

A Sepharadi yeshivah student who lives in his yeshivah that is in the same city as his parents does not have to light Chanukah lights if his father will be lighting at his home. If he wants to do so anyway to fulfill those opinions that hold that even a Sepharadi should light in such a situation, he should light without a berachah. Alternatively, he may purchase a share in the candles or oil of an Ashkenazi friend and fulfill his obligation through his friend’s lighting. [1]

According to the letter of the law, a Sephardi yeshivah student whose parents are in chutz laAretz and is learning in yeshivah in Eretz Yisrael does not have to light Chanukah lights. However, if he wants be stringent, he may light and may even recite a berachah with his lighting. [2]


Sources:

[1]. Chazon Ovadia, Chanukah, p. 150; Yechaveh Daat 6:43; Torat HaMoadim, Chanukah, p. 44; Yalkut Yosef, Moadim, p. 231. See also Ohr LeTzion, vol. 4, 47:1; Shalmei Moed, p. 204; Yaskil Avdi vol. 7, Hashmatot, siman 8, p. 386; and Shvut Yitzchak, Hilchot Chanukah, ch. 6.

[2]. See Yalkut Yosef, Moadim, p. 231, 2, which states that one should not recite a berachah in this situation. However, Chazon Ovadia, Chanukah, p. 150 says that if one is sure that as he will be lighting in Eretz Yisrael, his parents will not be lighting in chutz laAretz, he may even light with a berachah. It also says that this is also implied by Rav Pe’alim 2:50 regarding someone who is away from home and knows his wife will not be lighting for him until later that night. In such an instance, he may light before his wife. See also Mishnah Berurah §16. Rabbi Yitzchak Yosef also retracted his original ruling and conceded with the ruling of Chacham Ovadia, as stated in Chazon Ovadia (see Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 677:5 and Yalkut Yosef, Chanukah, p. 493.) See also Ohr LeTzion, vol. 4, 47:1; Kuntres Zichron Yehudah, vol. 1, p. 104; and Kuntres Ner Tzion, pages 14 & 20, which state that in this situation, one must light Chanukah lights with a berachah. Chazon Ovadia differs slightly and says that the berachah and lighting is optional. See also Shalmei Moed, ch. 45, pages 201–205; Halichot Shlomo, Moadim, vol. 2, p. 261; and Teshuvot VeHanhagot 4:169.

(Adapted From the Laws of the Holidays - Nacson with some additions)


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