Aliyot On Shabbat

Updated: Jan 5

The Daily Halacha Moment - Aliyot On Shabbat 📜


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

How many people go up to the Sefer Torah on Shabbat?


Answer:

On Shabbat, seven people are called to the Torah for an Aliyah. There can be more than seven Aliyot if there is a need to honor more people with an Aliyah. However, one must read a minimum of three pesukim per Aliyah.

[1] When adding an Aliyah, even though it is permitted to read the same pesukim again, it is preferable to read at least three new pesukim each Aliyah, and not read the same pesukim for each added Aliyah.

[2]


On Shabbat day [3] If one only read two pesukim for the Aliyah, he should do as follows:

a. If he already finished reciting the after berachah of the Aliyah, then another person should be called up and recite a new Aliyah and re-read the Aliyah with a minimum of three pesukim. [4]

b. However, if he has not yet recited the last berachah on the Aliyah, even if he has already closed the sefer Torah, he should re-open the Torah and recite one more pasuk, and then he may recite the berachah. [5]


Similarly, there is no particular obligation to stop an Aliyah at the place where it says in most printed chumashim that one should stop. However, one must read a minimum of three pesukim per aliyah.

[6] Some communities split up the Aliyot in a way that the Aliyah will usually end off and begin in a positive way.[7]


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 282:1. See in Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 332 who states that one should not add extra Aliyot if there is no particular need.

[2]. See in Yechaveh Daat 2:36; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 230 and in Mevaseret Tzion 1:40.

[3]. The rules for the reading at Minchah or the weekday are slightly different.

[4]. Shulchan Aruch 137:4; Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, p. 149. However, if this happened during Minchah, then the same person should re-read the Aliyah.

[5]. Mishnah Berurah 137:13; Kaf HaChaim 137:20; Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, p. 145.

[6]. See in Maaseh Rav §132 who brings that the Gra was not particular to stop in the places where the Chumash states that an aliyah ends. See also in Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, p. 161.

[7]. Rama 138:1; Chayeh Adam 31:29; LeDavid Emet 7:10; Rav Pealim, O.C. 4:42; Torah Lishmah §376; Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, pp. 160-162. For of examples of places that one should end an aliyah, see in Sefer Shivat Tzion, vol. 1, p. 35. See also in Sefer Otzar Pelaot HaTorah, Bamidbar, p. 862.


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