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Missing Zman Kriat Shema

Updated: Dec 30, 2021

The Daily Halacha Moment - Missing Zman Kriat Shema 🤦‍♂️

״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)

“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


I'm not sure if the minyan will make it to the most proper time to recite Shema what should I do?


One who is unsure if the minyan will be up to keriat shema before the zman of keriat shema ends (even according to the Magen Avraham’s time), should recite keriat shema before he begins praying. Before doing so, one should stipulate that if he indeed is able to recite keriat shema at the proper time with the minyan along with birchot keriat shema, then his first recitation should be considered as Torah learning and not as fulfilling one’s obligation of reciting keriat shema. However, if one does not reach keriat shema with the minyan in time for the zman keriat shema, then one’s first recitation should be considered his obligation. [1]

Similarly, on Shabbat, one may interrupt in between the berachah of Ga’al Yisrael and the Amidah in order to answer to kaddish, kedushah, or Barechu. [2]


[1]. Halichot Olam, vol. 1, p. 105; Halachah Berurah, vol. 4, p. 233

[2]. Some poskim state that on Shabbat there is no need to be somech geulah le’tefillah (Hagahot Ashri, Berachot, siman 10), since we learn the concept of reciting Gaal Yisrael and then immediately afterward the amidah from the pasuk "Hashem Tzuri Ve’goali" and since the next pasuk is "Yaancha Hashem Bayom Tzarah", it is possible that this halachah only applies on a day that is a "tzarah" - which does not apply to Shabbat which is a day of happiness. This is also brought in the Ohr Zaruah 1:17, and 2:42 in the name of Rabbenu Tam. However, the Bet Yosef, §111 argues on this opinion, and states that there is still a mitzvah to recite the Amidah immediately after Gaal Yisrael. The Rama points out, however, that even though one may not interrupt between Geulah and teffilah, one may interrupt for Kaddish and Barechu and rely on the opinion of the Ohr Zaruah on Shabbat.

See also in Mishnah Berurah, in the Biur Halachah, §111; Kaf HaChaim, Palagi 28:48; Kaf HaChaim, Sofer 66:38, and in Halichot Olam, vol. 1, p. 102.

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