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Bedikat Chametz

The Daily Halacha Moment - Bedikat Chametz๐Ÿ•ฏ๏ธ


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Question:

What is the Mitzvah of Bedikat Chametz?

When does one perform the Mitzvah of Bedikat Chametz?


Answer:

On the night of the fourteenth of Nissan, there is a mitzvah to perform bedikat chametz.

[1] Although bittul chametz, nullifying oneโ€™s chametz, is performed before Pesach as well, there is a rabbinic obligation to perform bedikat chametz, a full inspection of oneโ€™s property to make sure that no chametz remains. [2]

Before performing bedikat chametz, one customarily already has his home thoroughly cleaned from chametz. [3]


Bedikat chametz should be performed immediately after tzet hakochavim on the night of the fourteenth of Nissan (approximately twenty minutes after shkiyah),[4] after one has already prayed Arvit.[5].


Over the next couple of days we will discuss the Halachot of Bedikat/Biur Chametz in more depth.


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 431:1

[2]. Mishnah Berurah 431:2

[3]. Rama 433:11. See Mishnah Berurah 433:46, which explains that this is required because without this cleaning, a proper bedikah cannot be performed. This thorough cleaning, though, is generally done before the evening of the fourteenth of Nissan so that one may perform the bedikah properly.

[4]. Shulchan Aruch 431:1; Taz ยง1; Machazik Berachah ยง1; Mishnah Berurah ยง1; Ben Ish Chai, Tzav 1:1; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach ยง1, p. 33. This is unlike the view of Magen Avraham ยง1, which states that the bedikah may even be performed before tzet hakochavim.

[5]. See Mishnah Berurah 431:8; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach ยง1, p. 44; and & Maor Yisrael, Pesachim 4a, which state that even if the time for bedikat chametz has arrived, one should pray Arvit first, and only afterwards perform the bedikah. However, one should appoint a friend to remind him to perform the bedikah immediately after he has finished praying Arvit. See also Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 307.

See Laws of The Holidays - Nacson


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