top of page

Choleh Sheโ€™ein Bo Sakanah โ€” A Person Who is Not Dangerously Ill ๐Ÿค’

The Daily Halacha Moment - Choleh Sheโ€™ein Bo Sakanah โ€” A Person Who is Not Dangerously Ill ๐Ÿค’


ืดื›ืœ ื”ืฉื•ื ื” ื”ืœื›ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื - ืžื•ื‘ื˜ื— ืœื• ืฉื”ื•ื ื‘ืŸ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ืืด (ื ื™ื“ื” ืขื’ ืขืดื, ืžื’ื™ืœื” ื›ื—:)


โ€œAnyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-comeโ€ (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What is a Choleh Sheโ€™ein Bo Sakanah?


Answer:

There are essentially three different types of choleh sheโ€™ein bo sakanah:

a. Meichush โ€” A person who is suffering from a minor discomfort

but is able to walk around as a fully healthy person. All forms of healing are not permitted even with a non-Jewโ€™s assistance and even if the melachah is only rabbinically restricted.[1] Such a person may not take medication either.[2]

b. Miktzat choli โ€” A person who is partially ill but does not have the need to lie down on his bed and does not feel the sickness throughout his whole body. For such a person, one may ask a non-Jew to do melachah that is rabbinically prohibited to alleviate his illness.[3]

c. Choleh sheโ€™ein bo sakanah โ€” A person who is so sick that he needs to lie down or if he feels ill throughout his whole body.[4] For such a person, one may ask a non-Jew to do melachah even if the melachah is a Torah prohibition.[5] Similarly, one may ask a non-Jew to get him medicine even if it involves carrying the medicine from a public domain to a private domain.[6]

If there isnโ€™t a non-Jew available, one may do a melachah that is Rabbinically forbidden,[7] provided that a shinuy is used when possible.[8]

A melachah that is prohibited by the Torah may only be done by a Jew for a choleh sheโ€™ein bo sakanah if it is done through grama โ€” indirectly causing the melachah to be done.[9]


Adapted From R' Nacsons "Laws Of Shabbat" vol. 2, p. 297.


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 328:1 & 20. The Mishnah Berurah 301:7 includes not only medicine but any type of therapeutic substitute for medication is also prohibited for a meichush.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 328:1 and 37; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 356.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch 307:5; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 356.

[4]. Shulchan Aruch 328:17.

[5]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 357, 416, 482.

[6]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 482; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 187; Ibid., vol. 3, p. 187.

[7]. See Aruch HaShulchan 328:20 who states that even the sick person, if needed, can do the

melachah with a shinuy and does not need to ask someone else to do it for him.

[8]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 416; Yabia Omer, vol. 11, 36:4. Regarding doing a Biblically prohibited melachah with the use of a shinuy, see: Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 257; vol. 3, p. 182; vol. 6, p. 138; Yabia Omer, vol. 5, 33:3; Maor Yisrael, vol. 1, p. 156; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 2, p. 255.

[9]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 6, p. 141.


๐Ÿ“ฒ The Daily Halacha Moment is written exclusively for this broadcast so when forwarding please include the link! ๐Ÿ˜Š

Netanel Aminov

Founder Of The Halacha Moment


๐ŸŒŸ Today's Halacha Moment is dedicated:

๐Ÿ•ฏ Leiluy Nishmat:

Mishael Ben Frecha

Efrat Bat Aushra

๐Ÿค’ Refuah Shelema:

Chana Bat Sima Feiga

๐Ÿ’ฏ Hatzlacha:

Aminov Family

Sion Ben Elie


๐Ÿ—ฃ๏ธ Want Your Friends/ Family to Be Part of This Amazing Broadcast?

๐Ÿ‘‡ Click Below ๐Ÿ‘‡



โญ๏ธโค๏ธ Want the _zechut_ of dedicating a Halacha Moment seen by thousands?

Dedicate day $72

Dedicate A Week $360

Dedicate A Month $1250


๐Ÿคฉ Comment on this Halacha Moment and let us know how it impacted you.

Recent Posts

See All
bottom of page