The Daily Halacha Moment - Vayechulu 📙
״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)
“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)
What is the importance of reciting Vayechulu on Friday night?
Throughout the night of Shabbat, the paragraph of Vayechulu is recited three times, once during the Amidah, another time after the Amidah and once before Kiddush. The Gemara states that whoever recites Vayechulu on Friday night merits as if one is a partner with Hashem in the creation of the world, and that two angels descend from the Heavens and bless the person that his sins should be forgiven. [See Footnote 3]
If one accidentally skipped the paragraph of Vayechulu in the Amidah, should go back and
correct himself if he has not yet completed the berachah of Mekadesh HaShabbat. If one has
already passed the berachah of Mekadesh HaShabbat, then one should not go back and
correct himself since the paragraph will be recited again after the Amidah. 
. Shulchan Aruch 268:1, 268:7; 271:10.
. Shabbat, 119b. The Midrash Socher Tov (as brought by the Ra’avya, Shabbat 196; Ohr Zarua 2:20; Rokeach 49; Kol Bo 35 and others) states that the significance of reciting Vayechulu three times since it has the word “asher” three times in the parashah of Vayechulu, and the word “asher” is also stated three times in the parashah that discusses the purification that is accomplished through the waters of the Parah Adumah. Therefore, just as one attains purification through the water of the Parah Adumah, so too, one also gets purification from one’s sins through keeping the Shabbat and recitation of Vayechulu.
. The Zohar explains that one’s sins are only forgiven if one recites Vayechulu with full concentration, happiness and full belief that Hashem indeed created the world. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, p. 494 brings the Maharsha who explains that the intention of the Zohar is that through showing that one has complete belief in Hashem, it shows that any sin that he has done in the past was not out of rebellion, but rather out
of lack of understanding of its severity. Therefore, he merits to have his sins forgiven and over-looked, if he resolves to do teshuvah and fix his ways.
. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 342.
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