MakeUp on Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Makeup & Shabbat 💄


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)



Question:

May women apply makeup on Shabbat?


Answer:

Painting or dyeing one’s body, according to most poskim is rabbinically forbidden on Shabbat. [1]


That being said, A woman may not apply lipstick, makeup or nail polish on Shabbat, since doing so would be considered Tzove’ah. There are some types of makeup that are just a powder without any oil or creams, which would be permitted even though it will add color to her face provided that when the powder is removed it does not leave a stain. [2]


Similarly, A woman may not use even transparent nail polish on Shabbat. [3]

Furthermore, even though a woman may not apply lipstick on Shabbat, she may eat foods that are red, such as strawberries, even though they may color her lips red. This is permitted since her intention is only to eat the food, and not to color her lips. [4]


Sources:

[1]. Rambam, Shabbat, 22:23; Magen Avraham 303:19; Mishnah Berurah 303:79; Aruch HaShulchan 303:30. Igrot Moshe, O.C. 5:18 on 303:25 states that this applies both to men and women. See also in Minchat Yitzchak 1:8

[2]. Yabia Omer 6:37; Yechaveh Daat 4:28; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 286; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 5, p. 5; Igrot Moshe O.C. 1:114 and O.C. 5:27. However, it should be noted that Rabbi Yisrael Belsky, in Shulchan HaLevi 9:1 states that experience has shown that the difference between the makeup which is permitted and forbidden is so slight that it is almost impossible to differentiate between them. This is also stated in Halichot Shabbat, Malka, vol. 1, p. 426.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 5, p. 11; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 369; Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 14:63. The reason why even clear nail polish is forbidden to be used on Shabbat is because even clear nail polish enhances the natural color of the nail, similar to deepening an existing color.

[4]. Shaar HaTziyun 303:65; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 5, p. 10; Yabia Omer, vol. 6, 37:2; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 286.


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