Making Ice On Shabbat?

The Daily Halacha Moment - Boneh & Foods 🧀 ❄


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Does the melachah of Boneh apply to foods?

May one make ice on Shabbat?


Answer:

The Gemara in Shabbat states that one may not make cheese on Shabbat. Making cheese is considered Boneh because the process of making cheese causes the curds to combine and harden. Then it is prepared into a mold, thereby causing the cheese to harden into a specific shape. From here we learn that the melachah of Boneh can also apply to foods. [1]


However, It is permitted to place ice into the freezer on Shabbat, or to place whipped cream into the freezer in order to make ice cream. Unlike making cheese, this is not considered Boneh since the item freezes by itself and does not have to be shaped. Furthermore, cheese is something that maintains its shape for many days, unlike frozen liquids which will melt within a short period of time and will not retain its shape. [2] Some Ashkenazim refrain from doing so one should follow ones custom. [3]


Sources:

[1]. See Gemara Shabbat 95a; Rambam, Shabbat, 7:6.

[2]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 238; ibid., Yom Tov, p. 63; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 93; Yechaveh Daat 1:30; Yabia Omer, 4:28; Rav Pealim 4:15; Ben Ish Chai, Bamidbar, 10; Tzitz Eliezer 6:34. See also Chelkat Yaakov, 2:98; Ohel Moshe, 2:101; Shevet Halevi, 1:119.

[3]. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 7:2.


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