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Meal On Rosh Chodesh

The Daily Halacha Moment - Rosh Chodesh Meal๐Ÿž

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Is one obligated to eat bread on Rosh Chodesh?

Should one add something extra to Ones meal on Rosh Chodesh?


It is a mitzvah to prepare more food than usual for oneโ€™s meal in honor of Rosh Chodesh. [1] Some people fulfill this mitzvah by adding another course to their meal. Similarly, if Rosh Chodesh is on Shabbat, one should add an extra dish that he would not regularly have on Shabbat, in honor of Rosh Chodesh.

[2] One is not obligated to eat bread, meat, fish, or wine on Rosh Chodesh, but it is praiseworthy to do so. [3]

Furthermore, One who is making a meal in honor of Rosh Chodesh should preferably do so during the daytime. [4]


[1]. Shulchan Aruch 419:1

[2]. Moreh BaEtzba 6:180; Ben Ish Chai, Vayikra 2:10; Mishnah Berurah 419:2; Kaf HaChaim 242:9.

[3]. Aruch HaShulchan ยง2; Chazon Ovadia, Chanukah, p. 255. See Shulchan Aruch 188:7 and Mishnah Berurah ยง2, which say that one is not obligated to eat bread. See Shaar HaTziyun ยง1, which states that one should try to do so. See also Pri Chadash. Kaf HaChaim ยง2 even adds that one should use lechem mishneh, two loaves of bread, when reciting HaMotzi on Rosh Chodesh. Regarding drinking wine, see Orchot Rabbenu, vol. 1, p. 177, halachah 24, which says that the Steipler would make a point to drink wine on Rosh Chodesh.

[4]. Mishnah Berurah 419:2; Yaskil Avdi, vol. 7, Hashmatot 11, p. 294; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 5, p. 264.

See Laws Of The Holidays - Nacson

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