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Milking A Cow On Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Milking A Cow On Shabbat ๐Ÿฎ

ืดื›ืœ ื”ืฉื•ื ื” ื”ืœื›ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื - ืžื•ื‘ื˜ื— ืœื• ืฉื”ื•ื ื‘ืŸ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ืืด (ื ื™ื“ื” ืขื’ ืขืดื, ืžื’ื™ืœื” ื›ื—:)

โ€œAnyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-comeโ€ (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


May one milk a cow on Shabbat?


Included in Mefarek is the prohibition of expressing human milk or milking an animal into

a container. [1]

That being said, it is prohibited to milk a cow either by hand or by machine if the milk is retained for use. However, if the animal is in pain from engorgement, it is permitted to ask a non-Jew to milk it even if the milk will be retained. The milk may not be consumed on Shabbat,[2] and it is also considered muktzeh. [3] If there is no non-Jew available, a Jewish person may milk the cow himself in a manner that the milk goes to waste.[4]


[1]. Rambam 8:7; Shulchan Aruch 305:20.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 305:20; Mishnah Berurah 305:73; Kaf HaChaim 305:88; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 112.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch HaRav 308:9; Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 5:11; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 86.

[4]. See Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 113 at length on this subject.

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