Moving or Touching Muktzeh

The Daily Halacha Moment - Moving or Touching Muktzeh ⚽📱📸


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

May one move or touch Muktzeh?


Answer:

Muktzeh is not only prohibited to be picked up, but it may also not be moved. [1]

However, one is permitted to touch muktzeh provided that the muktzeh *does not* move as a result of its being touched. [2]



It is permitted to move muktzeh with one’s body or a part of one’s body, in a manner other than carrying it in one’s hands,[3] even where the movement is for the benefit of the muktzeh. For instance, one may kick an item that is muktzeh machmat gufo to a place that is more secure. [4] Similarly, moving muktzeh by blowing at it is not included in the prohibition of moving muktzeh, and is permitted. [5]


Although it not permitted to move an item that is muktzeh, it is permitted to benefit from a muktzeh item, such as sitting on the item. Therefore, it is permitted to sit on a rock or log on Shabbat. [6]


Tomorrow we will B'ezrat Hashem discuss indirect movement of muktzeh.


Sources:

[1]. See Shulchan Aruch 310:6. See also Shulchan Aruch 322:1 (based on the Gemara in Beitza 3a) who states that one may not touch an egg that was laid on Shabbat since one will definitely move it. See also in Yabia Omer 7:36.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 308:42; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 164; ibid., vol. 6, p. 121; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 317. See also Mishnah Berurah 308:17.

[3]. See Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 2, pp. 314-315.

[4]. Shulchan Aruch 311:8; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 167; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 2, 26:7, 13; Menuchat Ahavah, vol. 1, 13:9. See also in Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 312 who states that should only do so if he has a need to do so, such as one is afraid the item will be stolen or ruined.

[5]. Shulchan Aruch 308:43; Rama 308:3; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 34; Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 22:36.

[6]. Shulchan Aruch 308:21; Rama 308:3. See Magen Avraham 308:41 who states that one may not sit on a rock or log if it will move while one is sitting upon it. However, Shulchan Aruch HaRav 308:52, Mishnah Berurah 308:82 and Kaf HaChaim 308:145 state that even if the item will move slightly when one is sitting upon it, it is permitted to sit on it since this is an indirect way of moving it, just one may not intentionally move it. See also in Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 161; Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 215; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 2. p. 317; Menuchat Ahavah, vol. 1, 13:8. However, an item that is muktzeh machmat mitzvah, may not even be sat upon since it is prohibited from deriving any benefit.


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