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Snow/Water On Garments OnShabbat

Updated: Feb 23, 2022

The Daily Halacha Moment - Snow/Water on Garments 🧥

״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)

“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


May one shake off snow or water from one's garments on Shabbat?


One may not shake off a coat or garment that became wet in the rain on Shabbat if all of the following conditions are met:

a. It is a garment that still appears new. [1]

b. If it is black or even a dark colored garment. [2]

c. If one would generally not wear it in its current wet state.[3]

d. If there is a lot of water on the garment.[4]

If one of the above conditions to not apply to the garment, then one may shake off the rain from the coat. However, it should not be shaken vigorously in order to remove the wetness because forcing absorbed wetness is equivalent to squeezing. [5]

Similarly, If snow accumulated on a new black coat or hat and has begun to melt and sink in to the material, one is not permitted to shake off the snow. If the snow has not yet begun to melt, shaking or blowing off the snow is permitted since the snow is not yet embedded in the fabric.[6]

A plastic or rubber raincoat may be shaken even vigorously to remove any moisture on it. This is also the case with rubber boots or plastic hat covering. [7]


[1]. Chayeh Adam 22:9 in the name of the Yaarot Devash; Ben Ish Chai, Vayechi, 2:7; Kaf HaChaim 302:1 and 5.

[2]. Menuchat Ahavah, vol. 2, p. 411; Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah, 15:26. However, the Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 74, states that one who is lenient with a garment that is any other color but black, has what to rely on.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch 302:1. Kaf HaChaim 302:6. See also in Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 224.

[4]. See in Shulchan Aruch, 302:1 who discusses that the above conditions apply to dew. However, it would seem that if the rain is very minimal, such as a small drizzle then the same halachah would apply.

[5]. See in Shulchan Aruch 302:1; Kaf HaChaim 302:6; Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 223; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 76.

[6]. Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 224; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 6, p. 95.

[7]. Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 223; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 6, p. 96; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 76.

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