Types Of Candles & Oil For Candle Lighting

Updated: Oct 27, 2021

The Daily Halacha Moment - Types Of Candles & Oil 🕯️


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What types of candles/oil may one use for Hadlakat Nerot?


Answer:

Paraffin candles, wax candles, or clear-burning oil lamps may all be used for hadalakat nerot. [1]

When using wax candles, one should not put them too close together since they will melt faster or even bend and fall over as a result of the heat of each other, and may be put out before one can benefit from them. [2]

Preferably, one should use olive oil for hadlakat nerot. One who is meticulous to light with olive oil merits a long life and to see their children become talmidei chachamim.

[3] However, all other oils, such as cotton-seed oil or canola oil may also be used for hadlakat nerot, especially because the oil burns very clearly. [4]

One should not use oil that is spoiled or oil that something repulsive fell into. [5]

Preferably, one should silver candles sticks for hadlakat nerot. If one does not have that then any metal is preferred. If metal is not available, then one can use glass or coated earthenware. [6]


One should not use glass or earthenware candlesticks if they are chipped. Similarly, they should be able to stand on their own without leaning on a wall or other object. [7]


Similarly, one may use a candelabra that has many candle holders on it. The candles do not have to put in a straight line, and they may be aligned in a circle as well. [8]


Sources:

[1]. See in Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 208 who states that most oils, even cotton-seed oil, canola oil and others, which do not have a bad smell and burn well, may be used for hadlakat nerot. See also in Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 474 who states that most commercial oils can be used and burn well.

[2]. Mishnah Berurah 263:5; Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 512.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch 264:6; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, pp. 209-211.

[4]. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 2, p. 316. See also in Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 500 who brings several Chachamim who specifically lit the Shabbat candles with oil or wax who opine that it is better to light with oil that burns better, even if it not olive oil. However, according to the Arizal one should

specifically use olive oil.

[5]. Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 503.

[6]. Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 520.

[7]. Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 520-521.

[8]. Chazon Ovadia, Chanukah, p. 124; and Yalkut Yosef, Chanukah, p. 142; Halachah Berurah, vol. 15, p. 117.


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