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What Is Hoshana Rabbah?

Updated: Sep 27, 2021

The Daily Halacha Moment - Hashana Rabbah ๐ŸŒฟ


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Question:

What exactly is Hoshana Rabbah?


Answer:

The seventh day of Sukkot is called Hoshana Rabbah, and it is a particularly auspicious day for repentance and prayer. [See footnote 1]


It is customary to learn Torah throughout the night of Hoshana Rabbah, and preferably, the Tikkun for the night of Hoshana Rabbah should be recited. [2] The Tikkun primarily consists of reciting the whole sefer Devarim and Tehillim. Between each sefer of Tehillim, certain sections of Selichot are recited. [3] When reciting these Selichot, the Thirteen Middot may not be recited, and when reciting Rachmana, one should answer amen, and not answer Badil VaYaavor. [4]


Sources:

[1] The day is called Hoshana Rabbah for several reasons: Ben Ish Chai, Vezot Haberachah 1:1 states that this is an important day because it is the end of the fifty-one days of judgment that began on Rosh HaShanah. Kaf HaChaim ยง1 says that it is called Hoshana Rabbah, the great Hoshana, because we recite many Hoshanot and circle the bimah seven times on this day. Another reason is because we bang the aravot, which is similar to the word rabbah. See also Chazon Ovadia, Sukkot, p. 238, which lists several more insights into the auspiciousness of this day.

[2] This custom is brought in Shibbulei HaLeket ยง371 and in the name of the Arizal in Shaar HaKavanot, p. 103d. Moed LeChol Chai 24:2 even writes that one who remains awake learning all night without wasting a moment on idle chatter will be saved from the punishment of karet. See also Ohr LeTzion, vol. 4, 39:1, which states that one who wants to learn something else should only do so after reciting the Tikkun. See also Yalkut Yosef, Arbaat HaMinim, p. 785.

[3] Ben Ish Chai, Vezot Haberachah 1:3; Kaf HaChaim ยง3; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 4, 39:1.

[4] Chazon Ovadia, Sukkot, p. 437, in the name of the Chida, as brought in Vayikra Avraham, p. 122.

See Laws Of The Holidays - Nacson


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