Areas To Perform Bedikat Chametz

The Daily Halacha Moment - Areas To Perform Bedikat Chametz 🍞


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What areas does one need to perform Bedikat Chametz?


Answer:

Bedikat chametz must be performed in any place where chametz may have possibly been brought during the year. [1] Bedikat chametz must be performed in any rooms or closets that one may have entered during the course of a meal. [2] In homes with small children, any place that a child can reach must be checked. [3]

A resident of an apartment building should perform bedikat chametz in the hallway outside of his apartment. [4]


One who owns a store or a locker or has an office outside of his home must perform bedikat chametz in those areas. This bedikah should be performed after the bedikah in one’s home, without reciting an additional berachah. The bedikah on these places may be satisfied by performing the bedikah on the night of the thirteenth of Nissan, or by selling the areas to a non-Jew, which exempt those areas from the requirement of bedikat chametz. [5]


Similarly, Bedikat chametz must also be performed in one’s car. Therefore, when reciting the berachah in one’s home, one should also have his car in mind, and then inspect it after inspecting his house. [6]


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 433:3. See also Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 378.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 433:3.

[3]. Mishnah Berurah §19; Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 242.

[4]. Ohr LeTzion, vol. 3, 7:12; Ashrei HaIsh, vol. 3, 54:2; Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 244.

[5]. Ohr LeTzion, vol. 3, 7:14. See also Halichot Shlomo, p. 101 and Ashrei HaIsh, vol. 3, 54:9, which state that one should also check his shtender or locker in the local synagogue.

[6]. Yechaveh Daat 1:5; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 52; Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 385; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 3, 7:9. Practically speaking, it is easier to check one’s car with a flashlight.


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