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Arvit Of Motzaei Shabbat & Vihi Noam

Updated: Feb 9, 2022

The Daily Halacha Moment - Arvit Of Motzaei Shabbat & Vihi Noam ๐Ÿ“™


ืดื›ืœ ื”ืฉื•ื ื” ื”ืœื›ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื - ืžื•ื‘ื˜ื— ืœื• ืฉื”ื•ื ื‘ืŸ

ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ืืด (ื ื™ื“ื” ืขื’ ืขืดื, ืžื’ื™ืœื” ื›ื—:)


โ€œAnyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-comeโ€ (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What are some extra paragraphs that are recited after Shemonah Esrei of motzaei Shabbat?

Why do we recite them?


Answer:

On Motzaei Shabbat, after the Amidah of Arvit, it is customary to recite the prayer of โ€œVihi Noam.โ€ We recite this prayer since it has within it pesukim of blessing and we pray this blessing should carry on to the rest of the week.[1]

Vihi Noam should be recited while standing.[2]

It is also customary to recite the paragraphs of โ€œShuvahโ€ and โ€œYoshev Baโ€™seter.โ€ These paragraphs serve as a protection throughout the week from harmful spirits.[3]

The pasuk of โ€œOrech Yamim Asbiehuโ€ should be recited twice, and then one should recite โ€œVeโ€™atah Kadoshโ€ฆโ€

[4] It is customary to sit at the words โ€œVeโ€™Atah Kadosh.โ€[5]


When Yom Tov falls out in the middle of the week, according to Kabbalah, one should still recite โ€œVihi Noam.โ€[6] However, the custom of Ashkenazim and some Sephardic communities is to omit this prayer in such an instance.[7]


Sources:

[1]. Tur, ยง295; Rama, beginning of siman 295; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 385.

[2]. Kaf HaChaim 295:1; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 389.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 389 in the name of the Zohar.

[4]. Mishnah Berurah 295:1; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 385.

[5]. Ben Ish Chai, Vayetze, 2:6; Kaf HaChaim 295:1 state that at least the first pasuk of Vihi Noam should be recited while standing. See also in Tevuot Shemesh, O.C. 74 who states that some have the custom to stand until the words โ€œUmekablin den.โ€

[6]. Birkei Yosef 295:1; Ben Ish Chai, Vayetze 2:6; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 385; Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 146.

[7]. Rama ยง295; Gedulot Elisha 295:1. When Pesach falls out on Shabbat on the following week, or if Purim or Chanukah falls out during the week, the custom is to recite Vihi Noam even for most Ashkenazim. See Shaarei Teshuvah 295:2 and Mishnah Berurah 295:3.


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