The Daily Halacha Moment - Berachah Before An Aliyah 📜
״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)
“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)
What Berachah does one recite when going up to the Sefer Torah?
Before reciting Barechu upon the Aliyah, a person who look inside the sefer Torah and see the words that the Aliyah begins with.  It is customary to then cover the words of the Torah with a cloth, before reciting Barechu. Some have the custom to merely look the other way from the words while reciting Barechu and the berachah. 
Before reciting “Barechu,” many people have a custom to say the words “Hashem Imachem,” to which the congregation answers “Yevarechicha Hashem.” When doing so one should not recite Hashem’s name (i.e. “Adona-i”), rather one should only say “Hashem.”
The berachah of the Aliyah begins with reciting “Barechu et Adona-i hamevorach,” to which the congregation answers, “Baruch Adona-i hamevorach le’olam va’ed,” then the person reciting the Aliyah repeats “Baruch Adona-i hamevorach le’olam va’ed.” After this, the berachah of “Asher bachar banu” is recited.
Barechu and the berachah on the Aliyah should be recited loudly so that everyone in the present can hear it and answer accordingly. If it was recited quietly, however, he should not recite the berachah again.
One should answer “Baruch Adona-i hamevorach…” even if one did not hear “Barechu et…” being recited by the one who received the Aliyah, only if most of the congregation heard the first Barechu. However, if no one other than the baal koreh heard it, then the rest of the congregation should say “amen” once they see the baal koreh answering “Baruch…”. 
. Shulchan Aruch 139:4.
. Shaar HaKavanot 49b; Pri Etz Chaim, Shaar Keriat Sefer Torah, chap. 2; Ben Ish Chai, Toldot, 2:18; Kaf HaChaim 139:23.
. Rama 139:4; LeDavid Emet 6:76; Mishnah Berurah 139:19. See also in Biur Halachah §139, “V’roeh,” who states that some people have the custom to close the sefer Torah before reciting Barechu and the berachah.
. Chessed LaAlafim 139:19; Kaf HaChaim 139:35; Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, p. 181.
. Shulchan Aruch_139:6-7.
. Mishnah Berurah 139:24 states in the name of the Gra that if ten people could not hear the berachah then it is considered as if the berachah was made quietly. See also in Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, p. 176 who brings in the name of the Meiri, Megillah 21b who states that it is customary to try to be loud enough so that the whole congregation can hear the berachah.
. Shulchan Aruch 139:6; Mishnah Berurah 139:25; Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, p. 174.
. Rama 139:6. See also Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, p. 176.
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