The Daily Halacha Moment - Custom Behind Hiding 10 Pieces Of Bread 🍞
״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)
“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)
What is the custom behind hiding 10 pieces of bread for Bedikat Chametz?
How big should the pieces be?
It is customary to place ten pieces of bread throughout the house before bedikat chametz.  There are various reasons given for this custom:
a. Since the house was cleaned before the bedikah, the berachah
may be considered a berachah levatalah if one were to search without finding any bread. 
b. If one performs a bedikah without finding chametz, one might forget to nullify one’s chametz, since there will not be any chametz to burn. 
c. If one is aware that chametz was placed throughout the house, he will try to perform a more meticulous bedikah. 
d. Kabbalistic reasons. 
The pieces should not be larger than a kezayit (preferably not even larger than 18 grams), so that if a person fails to find one of the pieces, there will not be a kezayit of chametz remaining in the house, and this way, the bittul chametz will nullify that piece.  However, when all ten pieces are combined, they should equal a kezayit.
One should wrap the ten pieces to ensure that no crumbs are left after the chametz is removed. 
One does not need to distribute the ten pieces if he is checking his home before the night of the fourteenth of Nissan.  However, it is praiseworthy to do so if one can. 
Even one who does not have ten pieces of bread to hide may nevertheless recite the berachah for bedikat chametz. 
. Rama 432:2. See also Be’er Hetev §8 and Mishnah Berurah §13, which mention this custom in the name of the Arizal.
. Rama 432:2. See also Yechaveh Daat 5:31; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 36; Halichot Olam, vol. 1, p. 279; Yabia Omer, vol.9, 88:12; ibid. 92:2; and Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 358.
. Mahariyu §193; Chok Yaakov §14.
. Chok Yaakov §14; Kaf HaChaim 432:31. See also Hilchot Chag BeChag, Pesach, p. 64, which discusses this custom at length.
. See Pri Etz Chaim, shaar 25, end of ch. 5; Moreh BaEtzba 7:200.
. Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 358.
. Machazik Berachah §9; Shaarei Teshuvah 432:3; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 3, 7:6; Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 36; Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 358.
. Chazon Ovadia, Pesach §1, p. 38, footnote 9.
. Ibid., p. 36; Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 358; Ohr LeTzion, vol. 3, 7:6. See also Mishnah Berurah §12, which says that the chametz should be hard so that it should not leave crumbs. One should also not leave the pieces in a place where an animal or child will find them and place them in a different spot.
. Minchat Yitzchak 8:35; Yalkut Yosef, Pesach, vol. 1, p. 531.
. Rabbi Yosef Shalom Elyashiv writes in Kovetz Teshuvot 3:79, and as brought in Ashrei HaIsh vol. 3, 54:20, that according to the Chok Yaakov, which explains that the reason for placing the ten pieces of bread is to stimulate one to perform a better bedikah, even one who is performing a bedikah before the night of the fourteenth of Nissan should place ten pieces of bread. Furthermore, the Kabbalistic reasons for placing the ten pieces of bread also apply in such a situation.
. Rama 432:2; Birkei Yosef §5. See also Halichot Shlomo, Pesach, 5:12.
See Laws of The Holidays - Nacson
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