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Defending Oneself In Order To Prevent Harm On Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Defending oneself in order to prevent harm on Shabbat


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

May one break Shabbat to defend oneself from being harmed?

May one call the police if he sees a suspicious package on the street?


Answer:

If one’s home is being robbed, and one is afraid of a resulting life-threatening situation, one may call the police or perform a melachah in order to neutralize the thieves. [1]

Similarly, If one sees a suspicious package in the street and suspects that it may contain an explosive, he may contact the police even on Shabbat to have them inspect and dispose of the package. [2]


Adapted From R' Yonatan Nacsons "Laws Of Shabbat" vol. 2, p. 287.


Sources:

[1]. See Yalkut Yosef 329:15. See also Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah, ch. 41, footnote 74; Minchat Shlomo, vol. 1, 7:2; Shulchan Shlomo 329:26 in footnote 81; Chut Shani, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 235.

[2]. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 291


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