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Running On Shabbat

Updated: Jun 18, 2023

The Daily Halacha Moment - Running On Shabbat 🏃


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What are some cases where one may run on Shabbat?


Answer:

In a previous Halacha Moment, we've discussed based on the pesukim in Yeshayah that one shouldn't run on Shabbat. However, it is permitted to run for a mitzvah, such as in order to get to the synagogue or to get to a Torah class. [1] Similarly, It is permitted to run or jump if one enjoys doing so. [2]

Children may play jump-rope or games that involving running or jumping on Shabbat. [3]

It is permitted to run in order to prevent anguish, such as if one needs to run away from a wild animal, or if one is running in order to not get wet from the rain. [4] Similarly, one may run away from a place where there are women who are dressed immodestly or if someone is speaking lashon hara. [5]


Based On R' Yonatan Nacson's Laws Of Shabbat With Some Additions.


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 301:1. See also in Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 168 who states that even though the Tzlach, Berachot 6b, states that one only run to the synagogue if he needs to get there on time, the Meiri, Shabbat 6b, implies that even if one is not running late, he may run to the synagogue and it is even a mitzvah to do so.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 301:2.

[3]. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 6.

[4]. Shulchan Aruch HaRav, Kuntres Acharon 301:1; Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 29:4; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 4. See also Az Nidberu, vol. 4, 38:4 and Shevet HaLevi 1:58 who state that it has to be obvious why one is running.

[5]. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 4 in the name of the Eshel Avraham, Butchach §301.


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