Forgot Atah Chonantanu & Has no Wine For Havdala

The Daily Halacha Moment - Forgot Atah Chonantanu & Has no Wine For Havdala🍷


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן

העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What should one do if one forgot to recite Atah Chonantanu and also has no wine to recite Havdala?


Answer:

If one forgot to recite Atah Chonantanu, and he remembers in the middle of the Amidah, and he knows that he will not be able to attain wine later that night or the following day, then he should do as follows:[1]

a. If he remembers during the berachah of Chonen Hada’at, after reciting the Name of Hashem, then he should finish the berachah with the words – “Lamideini Chukechah,” and then return to the beginning of Atah Chonen.

b. If he remembers after the berachah of Chonen Hada’at, but before the berachah of Hashivenu, then he should recite Atah Chonantanu in between the two berachot, but without reciting the berachah of Chonen Hada’at again.

c. If one already began reciting “Hashivenu,” then one should recite Atah Chonantanuin Shema Kolenu.

d. If one only remembers after the berachah of Shomeah Teffilah, then one may recite Atah Chonantanu in the berachah of Modim before the words “Ve’al Hakol.”

e. If one has already recited the berachah of “HaTov Shimcha U’lechah na’eh le’hodot,” then one must go back to the beginning of the berachah of Atah Chonen.

f. If one has already recited the last Yehiyu Leratzon at the end of E-lohai, then one must return to the beginning of the Amidah, and repeat the Amidah with a nedavah stipulation.


Similarly, one who forgot Atah Chonantanu in Arvit of Motzaei Shabbat, and then ate something before reciting havdalah, must go back and recite the Amidah of Arvit again with the paragraph of Atah Chonantanu.

[2] Even if one has already recited havdallah on a cup of wine, he must nevertheless go back and recite the Amidah again.[3] However, before reciting another Amidah, one should make a nedavah stipulation. [4]


Sources:

[1]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 383.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 294:1. See also in Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 4, p. 751 who brings from Ashrei HaIsh, vol. 2, p. 133 who states that this only applies to a man, and if a woman accidentally ate before reciting havdallah, she does not have to go back and repeat the Shemoneh Esrei, even though she forgot to recite Atah Chonantanu beforehand.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 381.

[4]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 379.


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