The Daily Halacha Moment - Mistake In The Sefer Torah 📜
״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)
“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)
What does one do if one found a mistake in the sefer Torah?
One who found a mistake in the sefer Torah (after it is indeed confirmed by a person who is familiar with the halachot of what disqualifies a sefer Torah), must do as follows:
a. If the mistake was found before reading from the Torah, one should take out a new
kosher Torah, and read the parashah from the second Torah instead. However, if there is no other kosher Torah available, then one should read the Aliyot without reciting any berachot upon the reading.
b. If the mistake was found after reciting the berachah on the Aliyah, but before beginning to read. Preferably, one should read three pesukim from the invalid sefer Torah, and then take out a kosher Torah and read a minimum of three pesukim as well. Another berachah on the second Torah is not required provided that no interruption was made.
c. If one finds the mistake in the middle of an Aliyah, then one should stop where he is, even in the middle of a pasuk, take out a new sefer Torah, and begin from the beginning of the pasuk that the mistake was found in. In such a case, it makes no difference if the mistake was found before one read three pesukim from the Aliyah, or if there is less than three pesukim before the next Aliyah or parashah. In such a case another berachah should not be recited upon the Aliyah. Rather, one should just continue, and recite the second berachah after the Aliyah is finished. In such a case it is not required to add more Aliyot in order to have seven Aliyot from the kosher Torah, but it is praiseworthy to do so as well.
d. If the mistake was found at the end of the parashah and there is less than three pesukim remaining, then one should take out a new Torah and read the last three pesukim.
e. If the mistake was found at the very end of the parashah, before the one who had the Aliyah of Shevii recited the second berachah on his Aliyah, then he should not recite the second berachah, and instead, he should recite the berachot of the haftarah, recite the haftarah, and only after the haftarah he should recite the half-kaddish.
f. If the mistake was found while reading Maftir, one does not have to bring out a second Torah. However, if the mistake was found on a Shabbat where there is a separate Torah that is being read for Maftir, such as on Rosh Chodesh, then another sefer Torah must be taken out in order to complete the reading from a kosher sefer Torah.
. See in Shulchan Aruch 143:4; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, pp. 318-321; Yabia Omer, vol. 3, Y.D. 17:9; and at length on this subject in Halachah Berurah, vol. 7, pp. 230-242 and in Otzrot Yosef, siman 5-7.
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