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Havdalah & Tishah B’Av

Updated: Jun 27, 2023

The Daily Halacha Moment - Havdalah & Tishah B’Av 🍷


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

When does one recite Havdalah after Shabbat on a year which Tisha B'av falls out on Motzaeh Shabbat?


Answer:

Havdalah is recited at the conclusion of the fast (without a candle or besamim) and not on motzaei Shabbat. [1] The custom is to light a candle before reciting Megillat Echah.

[2] When seeing a candle, one should recite Boreh Me’orei HaEsh. It is proper for the chazzan of the congregation to recite the berachah on the fire, with everyone fulfilling his obligation through the chazzan’s berachah. [3]


One who forgot to recite the berachah on the fire during kinot may recite the berachah when he sees a fire at any point that night, but not the next day. [4] Similarly, women who are at home should also recite a berachah on a fire. [5]


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 556:1. The Rama, O.C. 559:1 adds that the main Havdalah is recited in the Amidah, just as on a regular motzaei Shabbat, which enables one to perform melachah. See also Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 62:46.

[2]. See Mishnah Berurah 556:1. See also Chazon Ovadia, Arba Taaniyot, pages 336–341. Furthermore, Chazon Ovadia, p. 338 adds that on motzaei Tishah B’Av, one should not recite the pesukim of praise, and only recite the basic berachah for Havdalah.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Arba Taaniyot, p. 341.

[4]. Mishnah Berurah 556:1; Kaf HaChaim 556:3.

[5]. Chazon Ovadia, Arba Taaniyot, p. 343.


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