LeDavid & Chodesh Elul

The Daily Halacha Moment - LeDavid & Chodesh Elul 📖


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן

‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

When do we start saying LeDavid during Elul?

Does one have to say LeDavid?


Answer:

After Shacharit, starting from Rosh Chodesh Elul, it is praiseworthy to recite LeDavid Hashem Ori VeYish’i (Tehillim, ch. 27). [1] Some Ashkenazim also recite after mincha and some after Arvit [2] If a sefardi is with a minyan that recites LeDavid only after Arvit, he may sit quietly without reciting it with the minyan. Similarly, if one’s minyan does not recite LeDavid after Shacharit, one should nevertheless do so quietly. [3] The Sefer Shaarei Teffilah (p. 38b) cites the Shaarei Rachamim (p. 24) which says that if one recites LeDavid with proper Kavanah even if bad decrees were upon him they can be completely erased.


Sources:

[1]. See Chazon Ovadia, Yamim Nora’im, p. 24, which cites Mateh Ephraim §6, which states that this is customarily recited from Rosh Chodesh Elul until Shemini Atzeret. See also Yalkut Yosef, Yamim Nora’im, p. 74 and Shevet HaLevi 10:87. See also Mishnah Berurah 581:2.

[2]. Mishnah Berurah §2. See Lebhar, Magen Avot, O.C., p. 284, see also Piskei Teshuvot 581:11

[3]. See Halichot Shlomo, Moadim, ch. 1, footnote 3 and Ishei Yisrael, ch. 45, footnote 6, which state that one should follow the minyan. See also Rivevot Ephraim 6:300, which says that one may recite LeDavid with the minyan since it is just a perek of Tehillim. See also Piskei Teshuvot, footnote 77. However, This question was asked to HaRishon Letzion HaRav Yitzchak Yosef by Rabbi Yonatan Nacson and he answered that one does not have to follow the minyan, and he may follow the Sepharadic custom to recite LeDavid after Shacharit.



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