Makeh BePatish & Vessels

The Daily Halacha Moment - Makeh BePatish & Vessels 🥤 🗡


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

What are some examples of the melachah of Makeh BePatish regarding vessels/utensils?


Answer:

Some common examples of Makeh BePatish are:


One may not inflate an air mattress for the first time on Shabbat. However, if it was already inflated once before, then it may be re-inflated on Shabbat, even with a pump (non-electric). [1]


One may not cut two attached pages that were accidentally not cut when the book was being printed, since doing so would complete the book. [2]


One may not sharpen a knife on Shabbat. [3] Similarly, one may not straighten bent cutlery on Shabbat. [4]


Sources:

[1]. See in Chazon Ovadia, vol. 3, p. 373 & vol. 5, p. 342; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 180. Halichot Shabbat, Malka, vol. 2, p. 407 states that it did not have to have been fully inflated before Shabbat and then had deflated on Shabbat for it to be permitted to re-inflate. Instead, he states, it suffices that it was inflated once before and that one is not inflating it for the first time on Shabbat itself. (See in Shulchan Aruch 340:8, for the basis of this and in Rav Pe’alim 1:25).

[2]. Mishnah Berurah 340:45; Biur Halachah, 340, “Vechayav.”

[3]. See Shulchan Aruch 509:2; Chazon Ovadia, Yom Tov, p. 21. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 19 states that if one sharpened a knife from before Shabbat, one may use it for the first time on Shabbat, even though through using it, it is smoothed out.

[4]. Similar to the ruling of the Magen Avraham 340:11 regarding straightening out a needle. See also Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 12:27.


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