The Daily Halacha Moment - The Melachah of Makeh BePatish 🛠️
״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)
“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)
What is the Melachah of Makeh BePatish (the final hammer blow)?
As explained in previous Halacha Moments of Boneh and Soter, the Mishkan was constructed out of planks. These planks were overlaid with a thin casing of gold. This was done by making thin sheets of gold and shaping them into a perfectly fitted sheathing that housed each plank. Golden nails were then hammered into the plating to secure it to the planks. The final hammer blow to the nails that attached the sheathing to the planks thereby completing them for use for the Mishkan is the melachah of Makeh BePatish.
The service in the Mishkan also required many metal vessels, and the final hammer blow in making these vessels is also considered the melachah of Makeh BePatish.
Some commentaries explain that Makeh BePatish was done when maintaining the metalwork tools during the hammering of gold, which required to hammer the tool on an anvil in order to keep the head of the tool even and smooth so as not to damage the metal item that was being worked on.
In future Halacha Moments we will IYH discuss practical cases regarding the Melachah of Makeh BePatish.
See Rambam, Shabbat, 10:16
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