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Minchah Of Shabbat Kodesh

Updated: Feb 9, 2022

The Daily Halacha Moment - Minchah Of Shabbat ๐Ÿ“™


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Question:

What are some customs of Minchah of Shabbat Kodesh?


Answer:

Even though during the week it is preferable to recite Minchah Ketanah and not pray earlier,[1] on Shabbat one may pray Minchah Gedolah if it is more convenient, such as in order to eat seudah shelishit earlier in the day.[2]

During Minchah, the paragraph of โ€œUvah LeTzionโ€ is recited after Ashrei.[3]

One may not begin Minchah and recite Uvah LeTzion before the zman of Minchah.[4]

The custom of Sephardim is to recite the phrase โ€œVaโ€™ani Teffilatiโ€ twice when the heichal is being opened.[5] This should be recited while standing.[6]

Even when praying alone, or if there is no sefer Torah, โ€œVaโ€™ani Teffilatiโ€ should be recited.[7]


An Avel during the seven days of Avelut should skip the words โ€œVaโ€™ani zot beritiโ€ and โ€œVaโ€™ani Teffilati.โ€ However, the rest of the minyan should recite it as regular. [8]


Sources:

[1]. See Yechaveh Daat 4:19; Halachah Berurah, vol. 12, 233:2; Orchot Maran, vol. 2, p. 804.

[2]. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 4, p. 495.

[3]. Rama 292:1. The Mishnah Berurah 292:1 in the name of the Kol Bo explains that even though during the week the prayer of โ€œUvah LeTzionโ€ is recited after Shacharit, since the Shabbat morning prayers are very lengthy, the Chachamim instituted this prayer in Minchah instead. See also in Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 4, p. 694 who states that another reason for reciting Uvah LeTzion during Minchah is because usually on Shabbat the Rabbi would give a Torah class and in order to end off the class with mentioning the final redemption, Uvah LeTzion was recited immediately after the class.

[4]. Tzitz Eliezer 10:20; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 4, p. 694 at the end of the page.

[5]. Ben Ish Chai, Chayeh Sarah, 2:2; Kaf HaChaim 292:5; Halichot Olam, vol. 3, p. 98.

[6]. Machazik Berachah 292:1; Kaf HaChaim 292:9. See also in Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 4, p. 495 who brings from the Avudarham that this should be sung as well.

[7]. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 4, p. 496 in the name of the Shalmei Tzibbur, p. 213.

[8]. Chazon Ovadia, Avelut, vol. 3, p. 48.


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