100 Berachot & Shabbat

Updated: Jan 25

The Daily Halacha Moment - 100 Berachot & Shabbat🍲 📙


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Is one obligated to recite 100 berachot on Shabbat?

From when do the berachot count towards Shabbat?


Answer:

The obligation of reciting one hundred berachot every day applies to Shabbat and Yom Tov as well.[1] One should try to keep close track of one’s berachot throughout Shabbat in order to ensure that one is indeed reciting one hundred berachot.[2]

Women, just as men, are obligated in reciting one hundred berachot every day. This may be difficult for a woman, as a woman is technically only obligated in one teffilah every day and according to Sephardic custom, she does not recite birchot pesukei d’zimra or birchot keriat Shema. However, just as on Shabbat, one must fill in the missing berachot through other means, so too a woman should find a way to do so. It is fairly difficult for Sephardic women to accomplish this, but nevertheless they should try their best.[3]

The calculation of reciting one hundred berachot begins in the night and continues throughout the day. Therefore, the berachot recited on Friday night count for Saturday, but the berachot recited during Arvit on Motzei Shabbat and Havdallah count for Sunday.[4] Even if one accepts Shabbat early, and prays Arvit before Shkiyah, or if one finishes Seudah Shelishit later than tzet hakochavim, the berachot that he recites during this time count for Shabbat, since one is keeping Shabbat at that time.[5]


Since on Shabbat it is hard to get 100 berachot, in a future Halacha Moment we will discuss many ways to reach 100 Berachot on Shabbat.


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 43:3; Halichot Olam, vol. 1, p. 59.

[2]. Yabia Omer 10:7.

[3]. Halichot Olam, vol. 1, p. 59; Halachah Berurah, vol. 3, p. 347. See also in Ashrei HaIsh, O.C., vol. 1, 7:1 who states that a woman should try her best even though it is very difficult to recite all one hundred berachot without praying the Amidah. She should also try to recite the prayer of “Ein KeLoh-enu” since according to some opinions it can also be counted as a blessing. The Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, book 1, vol. 4, p. 585 also states that women may rely on this opinion if they cannot find another way to fulfill the remaining berachot. See also in Halichot Shlomo, Teffilah, 24:25; Teshuvot VeHanhagot 2:129, and Shevet HaLevi 5:23.

[4]. Mishnah Berurah 46:14; Halichot Olam, vol. 1, p. 59; Yabia Omer, vol. 8, O.C. 23:24; ibid., vol. 10, O.C. 7.

[5]. Halichot Olam, vol. 1, p. 60; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 337; Yabia Omer 10:7. However, if one prays Arvit on Motzaei Shabbat before one recited Birkat Hamazon for Seudah Shelishit, then the Birkat Hamazon counts for Sunday, and not for Shabbat. See also in Shevet HaLevi 5:23.


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