Not Sure If I Said A Berachah What Should I Do?
The Daily Halacha Moment - Doubt if Recited A Berachah 🗣️
״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)
“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)
What should one do if one isn't sure if one recite a berachah on a food or drink? Do I repeat the Berachah?
Regarding all the berachot if one isn't sure if one recited it or not. Whether it is a Berachah Rishona, (such as Shehakol etc.) or a Berachah Achrona (Boreh Nefashot/Mein Shalosh) one doesn't return to recite the Berachah since it is a derabanan (rabbinical law) and we have a concept called "Safek Berachot Lehakel" meaning if one is in doubt if one recite a berachah one rules leniently and doesn't recite the Berachah. 
However; regarding Birkat HaMazon, since Birkat HaMazon is a biblical obligation (See Gemara Berachot 20B) if one isn't sure if one recited Birkat HaMazon, one would need to recite it.  According to Sephardic custom, when one recites Birkat HaMazon from doubt whether he recited it or not, only recites the first 3 Berachot until Boneh Yerushalayim since that's the biblical part of Birkat HaMazon.  However, according to the Ashkenazic custom one would need to recite the whole Birkat HaMazon. 
Bezrat Hashem, Tomorrow we will discuss if women need to repeat Birkat HaMazon if in doubt.
. Rambam, Berachot, 8:12; Shulchan Aruch 167:9; Chazon Ovadia, Berachot, p. 213.
. Shulchan Aruch 184:4; Chazon Ovadia, Berachot, p. 220; Ben Ish Chai, Chukat 1:9; Kaf HaChaim 184:15; Yalkut Yosef 184:4; Or Letzion vol. 2, 13:4.
. Magen Avraham 184:7; Mishnah Berurah 184:13; Shulchan Aruch HaRav, 184:2.
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