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Not Sure If I Said A Berachah What Should I Do?

The Daily Halacha Moment - Doubt if Recited A Berachah ๐Ÿ—ฃ๏ธ


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Question:

What should one do if one isn't sure if one recite a berachah on a food or drink? Do I repeat the Berachah?


Answer:

Regarding all the berachot if one isn't sure if one recited it or not. Whether it is a Berachah Rishona, (such as Shehakol etc.) or a Berachah Achrona (Boreh Nefashot/Mein Shalosh) one doesn't return to recite the Berachah since it is a derabanan (rabbinical law) and we have a concept called "Safek Berachot Lehakel" meaning if one is in doubt if one recite a berachah one rules leniently and doesn't recite the Berachah. [1]


However; regarding Birkat HaMazon, since Birkat HaMazon is a biblical obligation (See Gemara Berachot 20B) if one isn't sure if one recited Birkat HaMazon, one would need to recite it. [1] According to Sephardic custom, when one recites Birkat HaMazon from doubt whether he recited it or not, only recites the first 3 Berachot until Boneh Yerushalayim since that's the biblical part of Birkat HaMazon. [2] However, according to the Ashkenazic custom one would need to recite the whole Birkat HaMazon. [3]


Bezrat Hashem, Tomorrow we will discuss if women need to repeat Birkat HaMazon if in doubt.


Sources:

[1]. Rambam, Berachot, 8:12; Shulchan Aruch 167:9; Chazon Ovadia, Berachot, p. 213.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 184:4; Chazon Ovadia, Berachot, p. 220; Ben Ish Chai, Chukat 1:9; Kaf HaChaim 184:15; Yalkut Yosef 184:4; Or Letzion vol. 2, 13:4.

[3]. Magen Avraham 184:7; Mishnah Berurah 184:13; Shulchan Aruch HaRav, 184:2.


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