Relatives Receiving Aliyot

The Daily Halacha Moment - Relatives & Aliyot 📜


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


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Question:

May two brothers receive Aliyot to the sefer torah back to back?

May an Avel (mourner) receive an Aliyah?


Answer:

It is customary that two brothers or a father and son should not receive an Aliyah one after the other, unless another person gets an Aliyah in between them.[1] However, if there is a Kaddish recited in between the two Aliyot, such as Shevii and Maftir, then they may receive an Aliyah one after another.[2] Similarly, if the two Aliyot are being recited with two separate Sifrei Torah, then they may receive an Aliyah one after the other.[3]

A grandfather may receive an Aliyah that immediately prior or after his grandson’s Aliyah. [4]


An Avel may not receive an Aliyah throughout the seven days of mourning. However, on Shabbat, a Kohen or a Levi who is an Avel may receive their Aliyah if there are no other Kohanim or Leviim available.[5] Similarly, an Avel who is giving his child a Brit Milah on Shabbat or someone who needs to receive an Aliyah in order to name his daughter may receive an Aliyah even though one is an Avel.

[6]

An Avel who is on his last day of mourning may receive an Aliyah on Shabbat, since it is customary to “take the Avel out of mourning” through reciting certain prayers, even on Shabbat, before reciting Baruch She’amar. [7]

Nonetheless, the person who is regularly the Baal Koreh in a particular synagogue may continue to be the Baal Koreh even when he is an Avel. [8]


Sources:

[1]. The Shulchan Aruch 141:6 states that strictly speaking it is permitted to call up a father and son or two brothers one after the other, but it is customary to be stringent because of Ayin Harah.

[2]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 296.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 297; Ibid., Sukkot, p. 474.

[4]. The Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 298 states that a person may receive an Aliyah with his grandson who is the son of his son. Even though the Kaf HaChaim 141:27 states that it is proper to be stringent regarding the son of a son, however, with the son of one’s daughter one does not need to be stringent at all.

[5]. Shulchan Aruch, Y.D. 400:1; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 2, p. 293; Ibid., Avelut, vol. 2, p. 231.

[6]. Chazon Ovadia, Avelut, vol. 2, p. 232.

[7]. See Chazon Ovadia, Avelut, vol. 2, p. 236 & vol. 3, p. 89. However, see in sefer Chaim VaChessed, p. 202 who brings from the Chida in Yosef Ometz §93, Radvaz HaChadashot §384 and the Nehar Mitzrayim, Avelut 119 who state that communities only recite the prayers to take the Avel out of mourning only after Shacharit. If this is the case, then the Avel should not receive an Aliyah.

[8]. Chazon Ovadia, Avelut, vol. 2, p. 227.


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