Security Cameras On Shabbat

The Daily Halacha Moment - Video Cameras & Shabbat 📹


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

May one walk by an area that has a video camera recording on Shabbat?


Answer:

It is permitted to walk on Shabbat in an area that is recorded by security cameras. [1] It is also permitted for one to install security cameras in a place that is dangerous, even though the cameras will be recording on Shabbat. [2]

Similarly, One should preferably disconnect any security cameras in one’s home that turn on upon someone passing by. However, if one did not disconnect the cameras before Shabbat, it is still permitted to walk around the home on Shabbat. [3] Some are stringent, one should follow one's custom.


Sources:

[1]. See in Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 6, pp. 150-158 who permits this for several reasons: Firstly, the camera is operating regardless if one walks by or not. Secondly, he does not care or intend to be recorded. Thirdly, he is involved in a permissible activity of walking. See also in ibid., vol. 5, p. 172 which also states that recording or taking a picture is also only a rabbinical prohibition. See also in Shema Shlomo, O.C. 6:3; Teshuvot HaRishon LeTzion, O.C. 2:52; Yalkut Yosef, Arba Taaniyot, p. 674; Halachah Berurah, vol. 17, p. 245; Halichot Shabbat, Malka, vol. 1, p. 253.

[2]. Teshuvot HaRishon LeTzion O.C. 1:30.

[3]. See Halichot Shabbat, Malka, vol. 1, p. 249.

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