The Daily Halacha Moment - Melachah Of Mechabeh (Extinguishing) 👨🚒
״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)
“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)
What is the Melachah of Mechabeh (Extinguishing)?
The biblical prohibition of Mechabeh is done by extinguishing in order to create a coal.  Rabbinically, all other forms of extinguishing a fire are prohibited.  Prohibited methods of Mechabeh include:
a. Blowing out a fire.
b. Dousing a fire.
c. Reducing the supply of fuel to the fire. 
d. Putting out a fire in order to save fuel.
e. Putting out a fire in order to save something from burning.
f. Putting out or lessening a fire in order to not have light.
g. Putting out sparks. 
h. Lowering the flame on a gas stovetop. 
i. Moving a lit candle in a manner that causes the oil to shift away from the flame. 
Putting out a hot metal coal is considered a rabbinical violation of mechabeh.  A similar application of this halachah is by turning off a candescent electric light or other electrical appliances on Shabbat. The different applications of electricity will be discussed at greater length in future Halacha Moments. 
. Talmud Bavli, Shabbat, 31b.
. See Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 251; vol. 6, p. 105; Yabia Omer, vol. 10, siman 55, 3:16.
. Talmud Bavli, Betza 22a.
. Shulchan Aruch 265:4.
. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 5, p. 186; Menuchat Ahavah, vol. 3, 26:10.
. Shulchan Aruch 277:1; See Yabia Omer, vol. 4, 35:6; Yechaveh Daat 2:57; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 277.
. Shulchan Aruch 334:27.
. Yabia Omer 1:31 and 10:28; Menuchat Ahavah, vol. 3, 26:9-10.
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