The Daily Halacha Moment - Separating Terumah & Challah on Shabbat 🍞🍏
״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)
“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)
May one separate Teruma or challah on Shabbat?
Fruits or vegetables that are grown in Eretz Yisrael and are obligated in Terumot and Maasrot may not have Terumot and Maasrot separated from them on Shabbat, since it appears as if one if “fixing” the item on Shabbat.  Similarly, One may not separate Challah on Shabbat from bread that was baked in Eretz Yisrael.  However, bread that was baked in Chutz LaAretz, that did not have Challah separated from it, may be eaten but one must leave a small remaining amount for the mitzvah of Challah for after Shabbat. 
. Rashi, Betzah, 9a, “Ochel”; Rambam, Shabbat 23:9 and 14; Mishnah Berurah 339:25 state that the issue is because of metaken – fixing things. Meiri, Betzah 3b states that the issue is because of Borer. Chayeh Adam 38:6 states that the issue is that one will come to write down what he has done and what needs to be done. See also in Shevet HaLevi 4:38 and Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 5, p. 384; ibid., Terumot U’Maasrot, p. 274.
. Rambam, Shabbat, 23:14; Shulchan Aruch 339:4; 506:3; Mishnah Berurah 339:26. See also Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 5, p. 387.
. Shulchan Aruch, Y.D. 323; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 277. See also Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 90.
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