The Daily Halacha Moment - Squeezing Fruits On Shabbat 🍇
״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)
“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)
May one squeeze fruits on Shabbat?
Included in the melachah of Mefarek, is the prohibition of extracting liquid from a food,
since it is comparable to extracting grain from its husks. The biblical prohibition of squeezing applies only to grapes and olives, which are considered the most commonly squeezed items for their juice or oil in the halachic sense. Even so, it is rabbinically prohibited to squeeze other fruits or vegetables that are commonly squeezed for their juices as well. Many fruits and vegetables today are squeezed for their juices.
Fruits or vegetables that are not commonly squeezed for their juices may be squeezed on
Shabbat, since this will not lead one to a misunderstanding concerning the prohibition of
squeezing grapes and olives. This is permitted even if one had intention to only use them for their juice when he purchased them. At the same time, fruits that may be squeezed on Shabbat may only be squeezed by hand and not with a utensil that is used for squeezing.
A fruit that is squeezed for its juice in countries where it is available in abundance, is rabbinically prohibited to be squeezed even in a country where it is in short supply of the fruit.
. Shulchan Aruch 320:1. Even though the Shulchan Aruch only lists strawberries and pomegranates, the poskim, such as Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 130, include all types of commonly squeezed fruits such as any citrus fruit, apples, and pears. See also Mishneh Halachot 8:50.
. Shulchan Aruch 320:1; Mishnah Berurah 320:7.
. Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 129; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 93.
. See Shulchan Aruch 321:10; Kitzur Shulchan Aruch Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, 58:12 citing Kol Sinai.
. Mishnah Berurah 320:8 explains that this is because it can be assumed that all countries would likewise squeeze the fruit for its juices if they too had an abundance of it. Accordingly, fruits such as oranges may not be squeezed anywhere in the world, even in countries which are too cold to have oranges throughout the year. See also Chayeh Adam 14:3 and Shulchan Aruch HaRav 320:1. Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 3, pp. 342-343 states that one may not squeeze fruits such as pears, apples, mango, pineapple, or tomatoes even in places where these fruits are not common.
See Laws Of Shabbat - Nacson
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