The Obligation Of Megillah Reading

Updated: Mar 6

The Daily Halacha Moment - Obligation of Megillah 📜


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Who is obligated in hearing the Megillah?

When does one read the Megillah?


Answer:

Men and women, including converts, are obligated to read or hear the Megillah. [1]

One is obligated to read or hear Megillat Esther both on the night of Purim and during the day. For the nighttime reading, one may read the Megillah at any point throughout the night until alot hashachar, and for the daytime reading, one may read the Megillah from netz hachamah until shkiyah. [2]

If possible, the Megillah should preferably be read at night after the zeman of Rabbenu Tam. However, if this will inconvenience the congregation, then it may recited earlier. [3]


Over the next couple of days we will B'ezrat Hashem discuss more Halachot regarding the Chag of Purim.


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 689:1. See Teshuvot HaRishon LeTzion, vol. 2, p. 312, which states that women are also obligated to hear both Megillah readings, and not only one, as some people might think.

[2]. Shulchan Aruch 687:1; Chazon Ovadia, Purim, pp. 47-48. See also Meor Yisrael vol. 1, p. 37, 250. See also Yabia Omer, vol. 1, 43:1-2, 17-18 which says the correct time to recite the nighttime reading is from Tzet Hakochavim.

[3]. Yabia Omer, vol. 1, miluim for siman 43; Yalkut Yosef, Purim, p. 279 & pages 841–858. See also Shulchan Aruch, O.C. 692:4, which permits one who is weak, and will thus be unable to listen to the Megillah later in the night, to read the Megillah after plag haminchah at the beginning of Purim.

See also Laws Of The Holidays - Nacson p. 578


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