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Tochen & Items Not Grown From The Ground

The Daily Halacha Moment - Tochen & Items Not Grown from The Ground 🍏 🥒


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Does tochen apply to items not grown from the ground?


Answer:

It is permitted to chop cooked meat or cheese with a knife into very small pieces, even if one’s intention is not to eat it immediately. This is permitted since Tochen does not apply to an item that does not grow from the ground.[1] Similarly, It is permitted to use an egg slicer on Shabbat to slice a hard-boiled egg. [2]


Furthermore, It is rabbinically prohibited to grate cheese or meat with a grater. One may also not grind meat with a utensil that is used primarily for grinding even prohibited if one is doing so for immediate use.[3]


Excerpted from R’ Yonatan Nacson’s ‘Laws of Shabbat’, vol. 1 p. 377


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 321:9; Mishnah Berurah 321:31; Ben Ish Chai, Mishpatim 2:3; Kaf HaChayim 321:51-52; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 267 and 268; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 122. See also Mishnah Berurah 321:31 and Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 390 who state that it is permitted to finely chop meat even for a person who would not be able to eat it if it was in larger pieces.

[2]. Igrot Moshe, O.C. 4:74, Tochen §4; Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchatah 6:3; Yalkut Yosef, Shabbat, vol. 3, p. 392; Halichot Shabbat, Malka, vol. 1, p. 331.

[3]. Shulchan Aruch 321:10; Mishnah Berurah 321:36 and Ben Ish Chai, Mishpatim 2:3 explain that this is prohibited because of uvdin d’chol. See also Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 4, p. 268; Halichot Olam, vol. 4, p. 122.


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