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Chazzan Of Yamim Nora'im

Updated: Sep 12, 2023

The Daily Halacha Moment - Chazzan On Yamim Nora'im ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿ“™


ืดื›ืœ ื”ืฉื•ื ื” ื”ืœื›ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื - ืžื•ื‘ื˜ื— ืœื• ืฉื”ื•ื ื‘ืŸ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ืืด (ื ื™ื“ื” ืขื’ ืขืดื, ืžื’ื™ืœื” ื›ื—:)


โ€œAnyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-comeโ€ (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Who Should Be Appointed Chazzan for the Yamim Noraโ€™im?


Answer:

The Shulchan Aruch states that a chazzan must be a person who is upright, is empty of sins, does not currently have a bad name and did not have one when he was younger, is humble, is accepted by the people, forgives easily, has a nice voice, is well versed in Tanach, and can pronounce all of the words properly. [1] Similarly, he should also be a talmid chacham, married, and at least thirty years old. [See Footnote 2 regarding one who is younger than 30]

If the chazzan in the synagogue is a person who does not abide by Halachah, such as one who shaves his beard with a razor, it is better for one to pray at home than to pray with such a minyan. [3]


Adapted From R' Yonatan Nacsons "Laws Of The Holidays"

Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch, O.C. 53:4. Chazon Ovadia, Yamim Noraโ€™im, p. 34; Yalkut Yosef, Yamim Noraโ€™im, pages 99โ€“106; Yabia Omer 6:11. See also Ohr LeTzion, vol. 4, 1:7.

[2]. See Mishnah Berurah ยง13. See also Yechaveh Daat 1:52; Chazon Ovadia, Yamim Noraโ€™im, p. 34; and Yalkut Yosef, Yamim Noraโ€™im, pages 106โ€“107, which add that if there is a married chazzan who is over Thirty years old and a single chazzan who is a ben Torah but under thirty years old, the ben Torah is the more ideal choice. See also Orchot Maran, vol. 1, p. 187.

[3]. Chazon Ovadia, Yamim Noraโ€™im, p. 36. However, if he does teshuvah, then one may certainly pray with that minyan. See also Chazon Ovadia, Yamim Noraโ€™im, p. 38, which adds that one who sends his children to non-Jewish schools (see Yechaveh Daat 4:46) or goes to non-Jewish courthouses instead of bet din may also not be a chazzan. See also Yalkut Yosef, Yamim Noraโ€™im, pages 108โ€“110.


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