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Checking Pockets Before Shabbat

Updated: Nov 1, 2021

The Daily Halacha Moment - Checking Clothing Before Shabbat 👔


״כל השונה הלכות בכל יום - מובטח לו שהוא בן ‎העולם הבא״ (נידה עג ע״א, מגילה כח:)


“Anyone who studies Halachot every day is guaranteed that he is destined for the world-to-come” (Megilla 28b, Niddah 73a)


Question:

Is it mitzvah to checks one's clothing before Shabbat?


Answer:

It is a mitzvah for one to check his pockets before Shabbat in order to ensure that there are no muktzeh items in them. [1] This is especially important in a city where there is no eruv. [2]

Clothing which are used only on Shabbat, and one knows that he did not use it for any other occasion during the week, do not need to be checked on erev Shabbat. [3]


It's very common that peaple by mistake leave some muktzeh items in their clothing and without realizing they end up wearing the clothing on Shabbat not knowing what to do with the muktzeh items. It is therefore very important for one to check one's clothing before Shabbat so that one will not end up in that situation.


Sources:

[1]. Shulchan Aruch 252:7; Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat, vol. 1, p. 44; Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 535-536. This is a mitzvah both for men and woman, and one should check any clothing that it is possible that there could be an item in them that one will might accidentally carry on Shabbat.

[2]. Even in a city where there is an eruv, it is still a mitzvah to check one’s pockets in order to ensure that one is not accidentally carrying any muktzeh items (Magen Avraham 252:26; Kaf HaChayim 252:84 and Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 536).

[3]. Orchot Rabbenu, vol. 1, p. 101; Halachah Berurah, vol. 13, p. 536.


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